The quality of the soil in your garden plays a big role in the growth of your plants. Barren soil is a hurdle that you can cross using natural means. Yes, you can improve your garden soil naturally. The simple steps that follow will help you understand how you can use organic elements for the preparation of the soil. Improvement of your garden soil can take some time but it is worth the wait. Reap the rewards yourself by following the steps given below.
Improve your Garden Soil Naturally with these Steps
- Compost uses organic compounds that come from your kitchen and yard waste. It breaks down the organic materials and turns them into soluble nutrients that your plants can easily absorb.
- Regularly apply a good amount of compost to your soil to improve its water retention ability and prevent diseases in your plants.
- Classic composting: Place alternating layers of “green” waste with layers of brown leaves and other difficult to break down “brown” wastes in a bin.
- Sheet composting: Keep both these layers in separate bins and put them on your soil with the greens going first followed with the browns.
- Vermicomposting: Use earthworms to break down manures, food wastes, and other wastes in your compost. Earthworms speed up the decomposition process.
- Manure is the “black gold” of gardening.
- Animal manure provides all the essential nutrients to your garden soil, builds organic matter in it, and helps in the microbial action.
- Don’t add fresh manure to the soil as it is too hot for the plants and might burn them.
- Compost it before use to get the most out of the manure. It adds nitrogen to the soil that aids plant growth.
- Cover the soil with organic mulch to make it richer.
- Compost and manure can dry and degrade and, therefore, cover them with a thick layer of mulch.
- Mulch that is high in carbon retains the moisture in the soil and protects it in extreme weather.
- Earthworms, microbes and other life forms in the soil provide the necessary residue into the soil by nibbling into the mulch.
- Stop the growth of weeds by using mulch on your soil.
- Air and Water
- Keep your soil aerated by introducing worms and ensure that there are enough pores to allow water to enter into the subsoil and down to the roots.
- Add organic matter and be careful not to step on the plant beds so that there is a balanced supply of air in your soil.
- There must be large and small pores in your soil so that it does not get waterlogged.
- Cover Crops
- These are a great way to replenish your soil without much hard work.
- Not only do cover crops provide nutrients, they also improve drainage and aeration in your soil and benefit your soil in many other ways.
You can improve garden soil naturally without investing in chemical fertilizers that are detrimental to your soil’s and plant’s health. Let nature work its way with your garden and provide support to it by following the steps above.